A common conspiracy theory is that this or that terrorist attack was a “false flag” operation. In other words, that it was not perpetrated by “genuine” terrorists, but that it was masterminded by an intelligence agency, police force, or similar official body to shore up popular support for repressive measures.
Conspiracy theories have been swirling for many years that a string of terrorist attacks in Luxembourg during the 1980s were such a case. The evidence is so strong that there are currently two police officers being prosecuted for their alleged role in the bombings.
Others have testified that the NATO Gladio force was involved — Gladio was a secret project to recruit and equip a guerilla army across Western Europe, in order to operate behind enemy lines in the event of a Soviet invasion. According to this line of thinking, members of the Luxembourg Gladio division were used by official bodies (possibly including Germany’s foreign intelligence service) to carry out the bombings and drive popular support for anti-Communist/ anti-leftist politics.
However, in one of the most recent court sessions, a former analyst for Luxembourg’s intelligence agency all but said his agency knew exactly who the terrorists were… and claimed Gladio only played a supporting role. The real masterminds, he implies, came from across the Atlantic.
(The article is in German, here is the relevant part translated.)
“[Frank Schneieder, former organized crime and anti-terror analyst for Luxembourg’s intelligence service SREL] remarked on the disinterest of foreign intelligence agencies at the attack (despite an attack on the EU summit). He did not rule out that the US might have had “strange strategies” to prevent a slide to the political left at the time of the attacks.
Schneider compared Reagan’s shift away from détente (Reagen replaced the “Strategy of Confinement” with his “Strategy of Victory”) with the US’s policy shift after September 11. Luxembourg had also experienced a shift to the left at this time which the US found “extremely unsettling,” particularly with respect to the peace movement.
The ex-spy considered it extremely unlikely that there had not been an offensive part of the [NATO] Stay Behind networks [guerilla armies in Western Europe designed to become active after Soviet invasion]. […]
Schneider conced that there had been discussions with US [intelligence personnel] whose contents “were not uninteresting in the context of the [false flag terror attack] affair.” He however refused to speak about this information to anyone except the state’s attorney…”